COVID-19 & BHR BASIC ACTIONS
“Japan COVID-19 & BHR Basic Actions”
Basic Actions for Promoting Innovative and Responsible Business Conduct
for Building Back Better from COVID-19 Crisis
Purpose and Background
The global pandemic of COVID-19 has had a serious negative impact on human rights of stakeholders as well as on business activities. There is concern that socially vulnerable groups, such as children, older persons, women, persons with disabilities, and foreigners, have been disproportionately and significantly affected (See Japan COVID-19 & BHR Research Report "COVID-19 Impacts on Human Rights and Guidance on Japanese Business Response").
Under the situation where both business and human rights face crises, how states can fulfill their duty to protect human rights and how business can fulfill their responsibilities to respect human rights under the United Nations Guiding Principles on Business and Human Rights (the "Guiding Principles") have been challenged. The Guiding Principles, in align with the OECD Guidelines for Multinational Enterprises and the ILO Tripartite Declaration of Principles concerning Multinational Enterprises and Social Policy, recommend business to conduct due diligence for respecting human rights and for promoting responsible business conduct.
In addition to government measures to maintain the economic activities of corporations and the livelihoods and employment of citizens, companies are expected to take innovative and responsible actions to minimize the negative impact on human rights as much as possible through dialogue and collaboration with other stakeholders. COVID-19 crisis provides an opportunity for business to share and realize their values embedded in respect for the human rights of stakeholders, and to be transformed into truly sustainable business by adding values and fulfilling responsibilities to the society. This effort would enhance business resilience to crises, strengthen business continuity, and increase corporate values in the medium to long term.
Against this backdrop, the Basic Actions below list ten actions that Japanese companies are expected to take for promoting responsible business conducts in accordance with the Guiding Principles during and beyond the COVID-19 crisis. These basic actions will lead to the promotion of responsible business conduct and responsible supply chain, as well as initiatives in line with the pledge of SDGs (Sustainable Development Goals) to leave no one behind; ESG (Environmental, Social and Governance) Investing; and the Corporate Governance Code.
The Basic Actions have been formulated by the Business and Human Rights Lawyers Network Japan (BHR Lawyers), which is comprised by lawyers and scholars active in diverse areas ranging from business law practices to human rights advocacy. The formation and dissemination of the Basic Actions has been supported by the Japan Responsible Supply Chains Committee, which is led by Global Compact Network Japan and BHR Lawyers, and is comprised by multi-stakeholder members from business, investors, civil society, and international organizations. Institutional investors and other stakeholders also gave us messages to support business efforts based on the Basic Actions. We request Japanese business and other stakeholders to support the initiative for promoting innovative and responsible business conducts in overcoming the COVID-19 crisis.
For building back better from the COVID-19 crisis, Japanese businesses are expected to make efforts based on the following ten basic actions on responsible business conduct engaging and collaborating with stakeholders and to disclose the status of their efforts to the extent possible. In promoting these efforts, company management are expected to demonstrate leadership and strengthen corporate governance for enhancing the resilience of business and society in an innovative way.
Ms. Zeniya Miyuki, Head of Sustainable Finance, The Dai-ichi Life Insurance Company, Limited
As an institutional investor, we expect companies to promote responsible business conduct in the COVID-19 crisis. If companies support this initiative and actively disclose the information related to their efforts, we will positively evaluate such efforts of companies, which can serve as a role model for other companies. We hope that many companies can demonstrate the SDGs’ pledge "Leave No One Behind" for this occasion.
Mr. Minoru Matsubara, Executive Officer, Resoponsible Investment Division, Resona Asset Management Co., Ltd.
During the COVID-19 crisis, the trends of pursuing both corporate sustainability and social sustainability have been strengthened. We have been supporting such business efforts through dialogue, engagement, and publication of investor messages. We will encourage companies to promote responsible business conduct during the COVID-19 crisis through our participation in the Japan Responsible Supply Chains Committee and other engagement.
Mr. Tetsuo Kondo, Representative of United Nations Development Program (UNDP) in Japan
We support the "Japan COVID-19 & BHR Basic Actions", which promote responsible business conduct based on the vision of Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). UNDP has published a tool "Human Rights Due Diligence and COVID-19: Rapid Self-Assessment for Business", which enables to help businesses consider and manage the human rights impacts of their operations. We hope that companies can use the tool together with the Basic Actions in order to proactively respond to human rights impacts, promote sustainable business management, and contribute to the society where no one is left behind.
The Commentary of the Basic Actions explains the rules, guidance and tools, the initiatives and recommendations by business and other stakeholders, the points to note for each of the ten Basic Actions (only available in Japanese). As we plan to update the commentary regularly, it would be appreciated if you can kindly provide us with your feedback and information.
Business and Human Rights Lawyers Network Japan
Emi OMURA, Akiko SATO, and Daisuke TAKAHASHI
C/O Research Center for Sustainable Peace (RCSP),
The University of Tokyo
3-8-1 Komaba, Meguro-ku, Tokyo, 153-8902, JAPAN